Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu Jan 10, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending January 11, 2019

   Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady. Buyer inquiry 
was moderate to good mostly from out of state buyers. Bulk of the hay is 
exported out of the state with a lot of the small squares going back to 
the Eastern states of the U.S.A. to horse owners and operators of smaller 
livestock operations. Some areas of the state have been cold with some 
snow and other areas have been dry and seasonal temperatures prevailing. 
Most areas have reported decent snowpack. Hoping that the accumulation 
will have enough runoff to fill irrigation holding ponds for summer use.  
All prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise 
noted. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Good large squares 155.00-160.00. Good large rounds 140.00-
145.00. Cornstalk bales in large squares 60.00-80.00.  Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets 15 percent protein 240.00. 
   
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 150.00; Fair large squares 130.00-150.00. 
Premium small squares 200.00-225.00. Alfalfa/Orchard Grass: Premium large 
squares 150.00-190.00; Premium small squares 225.00. Orchard grass: Good 
large squares 140.00; Premium small squares 200.00-225.00. Certified weed 
seed free alfalfa cubes bulk 230.00-240.00, bagged 280.00.

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

1130c tlw