Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu Nov 14, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending Nov 15, 2019

   Compared to last all reported forages sold steady. Demand was moderate 
to good across the state. Livestock owners across the state and out of 
state continue to procure baled hay or cubed hay for winter feeding 
needs. Some producers in the western reporting areas are trying to bale 
there last cutting of alfalfa this week. Most hope to �tie� up loose ends 
and close their baling season by week�s close. Some produces have been 
baling some cornstalks in large squares and rounds. �All prices are 
dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise noted.� 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 200.00-215.00. Premium large squares 
175.00-185.00; Good large squares 160.00-170.00. Fair large squares 
130.00-140.00. Premium small squares 270.00. Alfalfa/grass: Premium large 
squares 230.00; Good large squares 200.00-215.00. Straw large squares 
70.00-80.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 
   
Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00-165.00; Fair large squares 130.00-
140.00. Premium small squares 210.00-220.00. Good large rounds 150.00. 
Alfalfa/Orchard grass: Premium small squares 225.00-250.00. Grass hay: 
Premium small squares 300.00; Good large rounds 145.00-150.00. Barley 
Straw: Large squares 45.00-55.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes 
bulk 235.00-240.00, 50 lbs bags 280.00.

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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