South Dakota East River Hay Market
Sioux Falls, SD    Fri Oct 4, 2019    USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News

South Dakota Weekly Hay Summary 
All prices per ton, unless noted, FOB the stack.

   Compared to last week:  Alfalfa hay steady to firm, grass not well
tested.  Very good demand for alfalfa in large square bales from out
of state buyers, demand more moderate from in state buyers.  The weather
has continued to work against the hay growers this week as rain and cool,
overcast days set in.  The window to make high quality, dry hay,
especially in a large square bale, has been extremely narrow this
growing season which has resulted in a tighter supply of this type of
hay.  Much more plentiful supply of large round bales of lower quality
hay.  Very little baling of cover crops has occurred yet as the weather
has not cooperated.  All hay and straw sold by the ton FOB, unless
otherwise noted.
East River:

   Alfalfa:  Premium to Supreme:  Large Squares, 235.00-250.00.
Premium:  Large Squares, 200.00; Small Squares, 6.50 per bale.  Good:
Large Squares, 225.00.  Fair:  Large Squares, 175.00; Large Rounds, 

   Sun-cured Alfalfa pellets:  15 pct 235.00; 17 pct 240.00.  Alfalfa
Meal: 17 pct 245.00.

   Grass:  Good:  Large Rounds, 120.00.  Fair:  Large Rounds, 85.00.
Utility:  Large Rounds, 65.00.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Premium:  Large Squares, 180.00.

   Straw:  Large Squares and Rounds, 130.00; Small Squares, 5.00 per

  West River:
   Alfalfa:  No Reported Sales.

   Grass:  No Reported Sales.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  No Reported Sales.

   Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct

Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9  20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5  18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5  16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

  RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors
can affect feeding value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.  End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results. 

  Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Source:  USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News, Sioux Falls, SD
         Justin Lumpkin, Officer in Charge 605-372-8350 

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