Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu Apr 12, 2018    USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary � Week ending April 14, 2018

    Compared to last week alfalfa and grass hay sold steady. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets and alfalfa cubes sold steady.  Demand was good. Very limited supply of hay available for sale in large or small squares. Severe weather is expected Friday mainly in the northern areas of Wyoming with large amounts snow coupled with strong winds. Some ranchers continue to search for additional hay to buy.  All prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise noted. Prices are from the most recent reported sales. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Good to Premium large square bales 165.00. Alfalfa/orchard grass mix: Large square bales 70.00 per bale; small squares 7.00 per bale. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 240.00-250.00
   
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Fair to good large squares bales 150.00. Premium small square bales 180.00-200.00. Alfalfa/orchard grass: Premium small square bales 200.00. Grass hay: Premium small square bales 200.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes 230.00-260.00.

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Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, Market Reporter (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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